IPA The project is co-funded by EU trough the BulgariaSerbia IPA Cross-border Programme
Leader Partner Municipality of Koprivshtitsa, Koprivshtitsa - Bulgaria; Partner Municipality of Medijana Nis, Serbia

Mediana

The City of Niš is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans. It is the second largest city in Serbia after Belgrade. Niš is the administrative center of the Nišava District of Serbia, and it is located at crossroads of Balkan and European highways, connecting Europe to Near East. Since the ancient times, it has been considered as a gateway between the East and the West. It is very easy to reach Niš either by airport or by railroad and highway. Niš is a university center as well, with more than 290,000 inhabitants. It is a natural, social, economic, educational, cultural and sports centre of the Southeastern region of Serbia. The city area covers 597 square km, which includes the territory of City of Niš, Niška Banja (Spa of Niš) and 68 suburbs. The following statistics shows how developed our educational system is: there are 40,000 pupils attending 35 primary and 19 secondary schools, and there are 14,000 students at City of Niš University composed of 13 faculties. Health facilities in the City are modern and very well developed: there are 30 clinics, medical centres and institutes which are, on the one hand, open to students of the Faculty of Medicine and their obligatory training programs, and, on the other hand, offer the citizens a wide range of modern methods and services for the prevention and treatment of their health problems.

Mediana is central city municipality in Nis, covering 16 square kilometers of central urban nucleus of the oldest urban matrix of Nis. Territorially the smallest, but according to the number of inhabitants the greatest City Municipality with more than 100 000 people living in the territory. Niš has celebrated 100 years of having established its first Grammar School, National Theatre, Public Library, and the local literary magazine.

The cultural life of Niš is shaped by the numerous institutions - the National Theatre, the Public Library, the National Museum, the Symphony Orchestra, the Puppet Theatre, Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments, the University Library, the City Archives, the Gallery of Contemporary Art, Culture Club, the Centre for Culture and Education, several publishing houses, and many amateur organizations in arts and culture.

The National Theatre of Niš was founded on March 11, 1887. It is one of the oldest theatres in Serbia. Many great actors have performed on its stage during these 111 years. The theatre has given over 10,000 performances, which have been seen by more than six million spectators not only in Niš but also all over Serbia, and abroad.

Trade center “Kalča” is a big shopping mall of approximately 150,000 square meters. It is a huge, three-storey building, built of glass, with almost 500 shops of all kinds.

Čair Park is one of the most famous and visited parks in Nis. It includes and obtains the Stadium Radnički and Sports Centre – Čair (with an Olympic swimming pool and skating rink). A number of festivals and fairs are organized there: Book Fair, International Fair of Tourism and Ecology, Ski equipment Fair, Hunting and fishing equipment Fair, etc.

Niš is a city of long sports tradition. There are more than 200 sports clubs and more than 15,000 sportsmen, both professional and amateur ones. The Sport Center “Čair” includes: a perfect hall with 6,000 seats, table tennis hall, football stadium, athletic track, complex of in-door swimming pools and 20 out-door and in-door tennis courts. People here love sports, no matter if they go in for sports themselves or just cheer the professionals.

AT THE CROSSROADS BETWEEN TWO WORLDS

Historians, geographers and writers have always considered this city the gate between east and west… Thanks to its exceptional geographical location, it is the crossroads that connects Central and Western Europe, Vlach depression and Pomoravlje with the Adriatic, Aegean and Black Seas. This geographical location have determined the destiny of Niš for centuries. The archeological discoveries on Bubanj and Humska Čuka show that this area has been populated since the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. The history of this area is greatly determined by wars and suffering. It remembers the Romans, the Goths, the Illyrians, the Thracians, the Celts, the Huns and other nations. The Roman NAISSUS, Byzantium NYSOS, Slovenian NIŠ, German NISSA, was named after the river Nišava which flows through it and which was called NAVISOS (the fairy river) by the Celtic inhabitants. In 274 BC, after the enthroning of the Roman emperor Flavius Valerius Constantine, who was born in Niš and who was a protector of Christianity, a great statesman and warrior, the city got an important place in the world history.

Since the II century, Niš has been mentioned in all military campaigns on the Balkan Peninsula. It is the place where Claudius II beat the Goths and saved Rome from great danger. Constantine had decorated the city of his birth with luxurious buildings where he rested and spent his free time. He performed his state affairs in his summer residence Medijana. Preserved remains of the palace with peristyle, luxurious villas with floor mosaics, sacral objects, water cisterns and marble statues are all evidence of wealth and splendor of this imperial city.